Physical fitness refers to a condition of well-being and health and, more importantly, the ability to do physical activities, sports and other daily tasks well. It is one of the most important components of good health, which can help to prevent a variety of serious illnesses such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Physical fitness is normally achieved through physical activity, proper nutrition, adequate sleep, and enough rest. To maintain fitness, a healthy lifestyle must also be maintained, including regular exercise and eating a balanced diet. Here are some things that you can do to improve your fitness level.
An American Council for Exercise recommends three factors to increase fitness: strength training, resistance training and cardio-vascular exercise. These three components help in increasing resistance and decreasing body fat and increase oxygen consumption. Resistance training increases the efficiency of movement and increases muscle mass, while cardio-vascular exercises increases endurance and provides an aerobic boost. An individual’s tolerance to activities determines their physical condition and fitness level.
Cardiovascular fitness measures the ability of the heart to pump blood through the body and to transport oxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs. A person with high cardiorespiratory endurance has high tolerance for physical activity and does not get tired easily. High levels of physical fitness to help decrease the risk of heart attacks and stroke. American Council for Exercise recommends at least moderate intensity exercise for women and at least vigorous intensity exercise for men. Some experts suggest increasing your fitness level to avoid becoming obese.
An individual’s muscular endurance or muscle power is measured by muscle mass, which refers to the total number of muscle cells contained in the muscle. Muscles have a high amount of glycogen when they are newly formed. Muscle fibers tear and new fibers form as old fibers are injured. As you become older, muscles grow at a much slower rate. When you get older, your body generates less glycogen so you need to supplement with extra vitamins and minerals to help you maintain healthy muscle mass.
The third factor that impacts your health is your ability to manage stress. There are many different types of diseases and disorders that can affect your mental and physical health. For example, individuals who suffer from chronic diseases like diabetes or heart disease are at high risk for osteoporosis. Lack of regular exercise will exacerbate the effects of these chronic diseases.
Regular fitness activities like aerobics, swimming, jogging, walking, cycling, or strength training can help you build muscles, strengthen your bones and joints, improve your cardiovascular fitness, improve your mood and self-esteem, and reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases. Physical fitness activities are an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Lifestyle changes can lead to long-term fitness and health. So if you want to stay healthy and fit, commit to making the necessary lifestyle changes now.